Jean-Baptiste I Tilliard


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As often happens with cabinetmakers, and much more so with joiners, Jean-Baptiste I Tilliard belonged to a family "in the trade". Several Tilliards may be found in the Paris community during the first half of the 18th century. One of them, called Nicolas, had opened a shop at the sign of The Arms of France, in rue de Clery, which was then the manufacturing center for joinery furniture. Jean-Baptiste I, whose workshop was located in the same street, worked from approximately 1730 for the royal residences as a regular joiner of the Furniture Warehouse. Between 1737 and 1739, he made three of the largest furnishing appointments of Versailles, those of the Queen's apartment and of the King's bedroom and cabinet.

From 1751 to 1756 he supplied the Prince of Soubise with almost $1200 worth of furniture. He retired in 1764, when his son, Jean-Baptiste II, assumed the management of the family firm, and died in 1766.

Jean-Baptiste I made use of the mark reproduced below. But this mark was also utilized by his son Jean-Baptiste II. Since the latter took over the management of the workshop in 1766, it seems obvious that he should be credited with the transition and Louis Seize style of furniture, while pieces in the Louis Quinze style should belong to Jean-Baptiste I.

It is impossible, however, that the son played an important part in the operations of the workshop during the last years of his father's life.

(French Cabinetmakers of the 18th Century Foreword by Pierre Verlet, Chief curator of the Louvre Museum)



18th Century Jean-Baptiste Tilliard or Son   Louis XV Chairs  Gold Leaf     Water Gilding   Silk Upholstery